Abstract: Evaluation of Internal Farm Biosecurity measures Combined with Sow Vaccination to Prevent Influenza A Virus Infection in Groups of due-to-wean Pigs

Dec 06, 2022

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Abstract: Evaluation of internal farm biosecurity measures combined with sow vaccination to prevent influenza A virus infection in groups of due‑to‑wean pigs

Background: Influenza A virus (IAV ) is an important respiratory pathogen of pigs that affects pig health, well being and productivity, has zoonotic potential, and has significant economic impact for producers. The ultimate goal is to maintain herds free from IAV. Due to the probability of IAV introduction into the herds, it is also desirable for herds to have some immunity to the virus. In this study, we evaluated a protocol that combined sow vaccination with the implementation of internal biosecurity practices during the pre weaning period with the goal to wean IAV negative pigs. Five IAV positive breeding herds were vaccinated twice, 3 weeks apart with a herd specific autogenous vaccine. For the subsequent 8 weeks, a biosecurity protocol was maintained, consisting of no pig movements after 3 days of age, no use of nurse sows, workers changing disposable gloves between litters, workers not stepping into farrowing crates, and daily disinfection of tools and materials used to handle pigs. Results: Following these interventions, four of the five treatment farms had significant reductions in IAV detection (p value < 0.05). Three of the farms tested negative at all sampling points post intervention and one farm had a 21% reduction in IAV positivity.

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