National Pork Board and the Pork Checkoff, Des Moines, Iowa photo
Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a fatal animal disease affecting pigs and wild boars with up to 100% case fatality rate.
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong and Hainan Provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing Municipalities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang, Xinjiang Uygur and Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Regions and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Töv Provinces and Ulaanbaatar.
Viet Nam: Hung Yen, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa, Ha Nam, Hai Duong, Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Thai Nguyen, Quang Ninh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Lang Son, Nghe An, Son La, Bac Ninh, Thua Thien-Hue, Bac Giang, Lai Chau, Quang Tri, Vinh Phuc, Cao Bang, Khanh Hoa, Hau Giang, Vinh Long, Dong Nai, Phu Th?, Yen Bai, Binh Phuoc, Lao Cai, An Giang, Ha Tinh, Quang Nam, Dak Nong, Kien Giang, Soc Trang, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Binh Duong, Ca Mau, Quang Ngai, Dak Lak, Tien Giang, Kon Tum, Bac Lieu, Bình Ð?nh, Tra Vinh, Binh Thuan, Quang Binh, Long An, Phu Yen, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, Lam Dong, Ben Tre Provinces, Tay Ninh Provinces, Hai Phong, Ha Noi, Can Tho, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh Cities.
Cambodia: Ratanakiri, Tboung Khmum, Svay Rieng, Takeo and Kandal Provinces.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Chagang-Do.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Salavan, Savannakhet, Phongsaly Province, and Vientiane Capital.
Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (August 2018 to date)
Since its first report on 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, involving 105 farms/households. More than 3,115 pigs, more than 10 percent of the total pig population in Mongolia, have died/been destroyed due to the ASF outbreaks.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed the occurrence of the first ASF outbreak in Chagang-Do on 23 May 2019.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, 149 ASF outbreaks detected in 32 Provinces / Autonomous Regions / Municipalities / Special Administrative Region. More than 1,160,000 pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its first ASF outbreak on 19 February 2019, a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, about 3,700,000 pigs have been culled.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Toumlan District, Salavane Province on 20 June 2019. New ASF outbreak occurred in Monesavanh and Had xeui Villages, Khoua District on 11 July, and in Boun Neua District, in Phongsaly Province [reference1, reference2].
Since the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Ratanakiri Province on 2 April 2019, ASF outbreaks were detected in 5 Provinces.
Actions taken by China
MARA released the 2019 edition of the ‘ASF Epidemic Emergency Implementation Plan’ [reference]. MARA updated regulations on pig slaughterhouses: It tasks pig slaughter enterprises to conduct self-inspection by using PCR. If ASF is detected, the slaughtering enterprise should stop production for 48 hours, then apply for evaluation to resume production [reference].
Figure 1. Number of ASF reported village by region by onset month* in China
MARA called a national teleconference on ASF prevention and control, and re-confirmed the importance of: step-by-step approach, joint prevention and control mechanism, role of grassroots level, monitoring and investigation, emergency response mechanism, supervision of transport system, kitchen waste, quarantine, zoning, the "two systems" in the slaughtering process, and timely "review" for improvement. It also stressed cracking down on violations (e.g. illegal trafficking, private slaughter, sell/slaughter illegal pigs), need for increase funding, strengthen grassroots teams, infrastructure, grassroots animal epidemic prevention system, and effectively maintain the industry in order. The meeting stressed prompt implementation of various support policies for the stable development of pig production, protect breeding sows, support scale farms to upgrade facilities and equipment, secure land for production, encourage farms and households restocking. Under Mayors’ responsibilities promote ‘food basket system’, prevent over delimitation of pig production forbidden areas and enlarging the scope of the forbidden areas, regularly monitor the number of live pigs, the number of breeding sows, and the price of pig and pork products, and conduct in-depth research for judgment and targeted measures [reference].
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